Evaluation of the optical properties of CAD-CAM generated yttria-stabilized zirconia and glass-ceramic laminate veneers

Academic Article


  • Statement of problem: When feldspathic porcelain (FP) laminate veneers are used to mask tooth discoloration that extends into the dentin, significant tooth reduction is needed to provide space for the opaque layer and optimize the bonding of the restoration. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the color effect of trial insertion paste (TP), composite resin abutment (CRA), and veneer regions on the optical properties of feldspathic porcelain (FP), yttria-stabilized zirconia (Y-TZP), and IPS e.max CAD HT (IEC) veneers. Material and methods: A melamine tooth was prepared for a laminate veneer on a model, and a definitive cast was made. The definitive die was scanned by using the TurboDent System (TDS), then 30 CRA were machined and 10 veneers were fabricated for each ceramic material (FP, Y-TZP, IEC). The optical properties of different veneer materials, CRA (A 1, A 2, A 3) and TP (bleach XL, opaque white, transparent, and yellow) were evaluated in the cervical, body, and incisal regions with a spectrophotometer. Results were analyzed by using 1-way ANOVA (.05). Results: The color difference for all the veneers was affected by TP and CRA colors in different regions. The mean values for the Y-TZP veneer color coordinates (L*: 74 ±0.34, a*: 0.09 ±0.20, and b*: 17.43 ±0.44) were significantly different (P<.001) from those of IEC veneers (L*: 70.15 ±0.23, a*: -0.69 ±0.073, and b*:11.48 ±0.30) and FP veneers (L*: 70.00 ±0.86, a*: - 0.28 ±0.203, and b*: 13.86 ±1.08). There was no difference between IEC for L* and FP. Significant difference was detected (P<.001) in color coordinates among the 3 veneer materials for a* and b*. Conclusions: The TP color affected the color difference for all veneer materials except the Y-TZP, while there was no effect on the CRA color. The magnitude of color coordinates changed as a function of TP color and veneer material. © 2012 The Editorial Council of the Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry.
  • Published In

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Alghazzawi TF; Lemons J; Liu PR; Essig ME; Janowski GM
  • Start Page

  • 300
  • End Page

  • 308
  • Volume

  • 107
  • Issue

  • 5