Transient receptor potential vanilloid subfamily member 6 (TRPV6) is an epithelial calcium channel that regulates the initial step of the transcellular calcium transport pathway. TRPV6 is expressed in the kidney, intestine, placenta, and other tissues, and the dysregulation of the channel is implicated in several human cancers. It has been reported that phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2) activates TRPV6 and its close homologue TRPV5; however, the underlying molecular mechanism is less clear. Recently, a structure of rabbit TRPV5 in complex with dioctanoyl (diC8) PIP2, a soluble form of PIP2, was determined by cryo-electron microscopy. Based on this structure, the structural model of human TRPV6 with PIP2 was set up, and then molecular dynamics simulations were performed for TRPV6 with and without PIP2. Simulation results show that the positively charged residues responsible for TRPV5 binding of diC8 PIP2 are conserved in the interactions between TRPV6 and PIP2. The binding of PIP2 to TRPV6 increases the distance between the diagonally opposed residues D542 in the selectivity filter and that between the diagonally opposed M578 residues in the lower gate of TRPV6. A secondary structural analysis reveals that residues M578 in TRPV6 undergo structural and position changes during the binding of PIP2 with TRPV6. In addition, principal component analysis indicates that the binding of PIP2 increases the dynamical motions of both the selectivity filter and the lower gate of TRPV6. These changes induced by PIP2 favor the channel opening. Thus, this study provides a basis for understanding the mechanism underlying the PIP2-induced TRPV6 channel activation. Communicated by Ramaswamy H. Sarma.