Multinational Genome-Wide Association Study and Functional Genomics Analysis Implicates Decreased SIRT3 Expression Underlying Intracranial Aneurysm Risk

Academic Article

Abstract

  • BACKGROUND: The genetic mechanisms regulating intracranial aneurysm (IA) formation and rupture are largely unknown. To identify germline-genetic risk factors for IA, we perform a multinational genome-wide association study (GWAS) of individuals from the United Kingdom, Finland, and Japan. OBJECTIVE: To identify a shared, multinational genetic basis of IA. METHODS: Using GWAS summary statistics from UK Biobank, FinnGen, and Biobank Japan, we perform a meta-analysis of IA, containing ruptured and unruptured IA cases. Logistic regression was used to identify IA-associated single-nucleotide polymorphisms. Effect size was calculated using the coefficient r , estimating the contribution of the single-nucleotide polymorphism to the genetic variance of the trait. Genome-wide significance was set at 5.0 × 10 -8 . Expression quantitative trait loci mapping and functional genomics approaches were used to infer mechanistic consequences of implicated variants. RESULTS: Our cohort contained 155 154 individuals (3132 IA cases and 152 022 controls). We identified 4 genetic loci reaching genome-wide: rs73392700 ( SIRT3 , effect size = 0.28, P = 4.3 × 10 -12 ), rs58721068 ( EDNRA , effect size = -0.20, P = 4.8 × 10 -12 ), rs4977574 ( AL359922.1 , effect size = 0.18, P = 7.9 × 10 -12 ), and rs11105337 ( ATP2B1 , effect size = -0.15, P = 3.4 × 10 -8 ). Expression quantitative trait loci mapping suggests that rs73392700 has a large effect size on SIRT3 gene expression in arterial and muscle, but not neurological, tissues. Functional genomics analysis suggests that rs73392700 causes decreased SIRT3 gene expression. CONCLUSION: We perform a multinational GWAS of IA and identify 4 genetic risk loci, including 2 novel IA risk loci ( SIRT3 and AL359922.1 ). Identification of high-risk genetic loci across ancestries will enable population-genetic screening approaches to identify patients with IA.
  • Authors

    Published In

  • Neurosurgery  Journal
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Hale AT; He J; Jones J
  • Start Page

  • 625
  • End Page

  • 632
  • Volume

  • 91
  • Issue

  • 4