Diet Quality and the Gut Microbiota in Women Living in Alabama

Academic Article


  • Introduction: The gut microbiota is associated with obesity and modulated by individual dietary components. However, the relationships between diet quality and the gut microbiota and their potential interactions with weight status in diverse populations are not well understood. This study examined the associations between overall diet quality, weight status, and the gut microbiota in a racially balanced sample of adult females. Methods: Female participants (N=71) residing in Birmingham, Alabama provided demographics, anthropometrics, biospecimens, and dietary data in this observational study from March 2014 to August 2014, and data analysis was conducted from August 2017 to March 2019. Weight status was defined as a BMI (weight [kg]/height [m2]) <30 kg/m2 for non-obese participants and ≥30 kg/m2 for participants who were obese. Dietary data collected included an Automated Self-Administered 24-Hour recall and Healthy Eating Index-2010 (HEI-2010) score. Diet quality was defined as having a high HEI score (≥median) or a low HEI score (
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Little RB; Murillo AL; Van Der Pol WJ; Lefkowitz EJ; Morrow CD; Yi N; Carson TL
  • Start Page

  • S37
  • End Page

  • S46
  • Volume

  • 63
  • Issue

  • 1