Patellofemoral Joint Loading in Forward Lunge With Step Length and Height Variations

Academic Article


  • The objective was to assess how patellofemoral loads (joint force and stress) change while lunging with step length and step height variations. Sixteen participants performed a forward lunge using short and long steps at ground level and up to a 10-cm platform. Electromyography, ground reaction force, and 3D motion were captured, and patellofemoral loads were calculated as a function of knee angle. Repeated-measures 2-way analysis of variance (P < .05) was employed. Patellofemoral loads in the lead knee were greater with long step at the beginning of landing (10°-30° knee angle) and the end of pushoff (10°-40°) and greater with short step during the deep knee flexion portion of the lunge (50°-100°). Patellofemoral loads were greater at ground level than 10-cm platform during lunge descent (50°-100°) and lunge ascent (40°-70°). Patellofemoral loads generally increased as knee flexion increased and decreased as knee flexion decreased. To gradually increase patellofemoral loads, perform forward lunge in the following sequence: (1) minimal knee flexion (0°-30°), (2) moderate knee flexion (0°-60°), (3) long step and deep knee flexion (0°-100°) up to a 10-cm platform, and (4) long step and deep knee flexion (0°-100°) at ground level.
  • Authors

    Published In

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Escamilla RF; Zheng N; MacLeod TD; Imamura R; Wang S; Wilk KE; Yamashiro K; Fleisig GS
  • Start Page

  • 210
  • End Page

  • 220
  • Volume

  • 38
  • Issue

  • 4