Immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN) is a rare autoimmune disorder and the leading cause of biopsy-reported glomerulonephritis (GN) worldwide. Disease progression is driven by the formation and deposition of immune complexes composed of galactose-deficient IgA1 (Gd-IgA1) and Gd-IgA1 autoantibodies (anti-Gd-IgA1 antibodies) in the glomeruli, where they trigger complement-mediated inflammation that can result in loss of kidney function and end-stage kidney disease (ESKD). With the risk of progression and limited treatment options, there is an unmet need for therapies that address the formation of pathogenic Gd-IgA1 antibody and anti-Gd-IgA1 antibody-containing immune complexes. New therapeutic approaches target immunological aspects of IgAN, including complement-mediated inflammation and pathogenic antibody production by inhibiting activation or promoting depletion of B cells and CD38-positive plasma cells. This article will review therapies, both approved and in development, that support the depletion of Gd-IgA1-producing cells in IgAN and have the potential to modify the course of this disease. Ultimately, we propose here a novel therapeutic approach by depleting CD38-positive plasma cells, as the source of the autoimmunity, to treat patients with IgAN.