ACR Appropriateness Criteria® Staging and Surveillance of Testicular Cancer: 2021 Update

Academic Article


  • The staging and surveillance of testicular cancer is a complex topic, which integrates clinical, biochemical, and imaging components. The use of imaging for staging and surveillance of testicular cancer is individually tailored to each patient by considering tumor histology and prognosis. This document discusses the rationale for use of imaging by imaging modality during the initial staging of testicular seminoma and nonseminoma tumors and during the planned surveillance of stage IA and IB testicular cancer by histological subtype integrating clinical suspicion for disease recurrence in surveillance protocols. The American College of Radiology Appropriateness Criteria are evidence-based guidelines for specific clinical conditions that are reviewed annually by a multidisciplinary expert panel. The guideline development and revision include an extensive analysis of current medical literature from peer reviewed journals and the application of well-established methodologies (RAND/UCLA Appropriateness Method and Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation or GRADE) to rate the appropriateness of imaging and treatment procedures for specific clinical scenarios. In those instances where evidence is lacking or equivocal, expert opinion may supplement the available evidence to recommend imaging or treatment.
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Schieda N; Oto A; Allen BC; Akin O; Barker SJ; Fulgham PF; Gettle LM; Maranchie JK; Patel BN; Schuster DM
  • Start Page

  • S194
  • End Page

  • S207
  • Volume

  • 19
  • Issue

  • 5