Reconstruction of the posterolateral corner of the knee.

Academic Article

Abstract

  • PURPOSE: To describe a technique for reconstruction of the posterolateral corner (PLC) of the knee and report the results of a prospective series of patients. TYPE OF STUDY: Case series. METHODS: Twenty-two patients with PLC injuries underwent reconstruction; 15 patients had multiligamentous knee injuries and 7 had isolated PLC injuries. We used the modified 2-tailed technique that reconstructs the popliteofibular ligament and fibulocollateral ligament. The technique includes use of an allograft tendon placed through transtibial and transfibular bone tunnels and around a screw on the lateral femoral condyle. All patients have been followed-up prospectively with clinical examinations, Lysholm knee scores, KT-2000 ligament arthrometer examinations, and evaluation of work and recreational functional status. RESULTS: There were 15 male and 7 female patients (mean age, 32 years; range, 17 to 55 years). Follow-up was a minimum of 24 months (mean, 29.5 months; range, 24 to 38 months). Mean range of motion is extension of 0.2 degrees (range, 0 degrees to 5 degrees) and flexion of 133.4 degrees (80 degrees to 144 degrees). The range of motion for the multiligamentous knees was 0.3 degrees to 129 degrees compared with 0 degrees to 143 degrees for knees with isolated corner injuries. Mean Lysholm knee scores were 90 for the entire group with a score of 92 for the multiligamentous knees and 88 for the isolated corners. Stability was clinically graded on a scale of 0 to 3 for both varus stress and external rotation, with a score of 2 or 3 indicating a failed PLC reconstruction. The mean score for varus stress was 0.2 for the whole group, with 0.3 in the multiligamentous knee and 0.1 for the isolated injuries. Similarly, the mean score for external rotation was 0.4, with a 0.5 for multiligamentous knee and 0.3 for isolated PLC injuries. There were 2 failures in the multiligamentous knee injury group (13%), compared with no failures in the isolated PLC group. The failure rate for the whole study was 9%. CONCLUSIONS: Reconstruction of the PLC using an allograft reconstruction of the popliteus, popliteofibular, and fibulocollateral ligaments yielded a stable reconstruction with excellent functional results. Predictably, range of motion and incidence of failure were both better for patients with isolated PLC injuries than for those with multiligamentous knees. Both groups, however, showed excellent overall functional results. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level IV, case series.
  • Authors

    Keywords

  • Adolescent, Adult, Anterior Cruciate Ligament, Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries, Cohort Studies, Female, Fluoroscopy, Follow-Up Studies, Humans, Knee Injuries, Ligaments, Articular, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Male, Middle Aged, Posterior Cruciate Ligament, Prospective Studies, Radiography, Interventional, Recovery of Function, Tendons, Transplantation, Homologous, Treatment Outcome
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Stannard JP; Brown SL; Robinson JT; McGwin G; Volgas DA
  • Start Page

  • 1051
  • End Page

  • 1059
  • Volume

  • 21
  • Issue

  • 9