Glucose Increases STAT3 Activation, Promoting Sustained XRCC1 Expression and Increasing DNA Repair

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Dysregulation of DNA repair is a hallmark of cancer, though few cancer-specific mechanisms that drive the overexpression of DNA repair proteins are known. We previously identified STAT3 as a novel transcriptional regulator of X-ray cross-complementing group 1 (XRCC1), an essential scaffold protein in base excision repair in triple-negative breast cancers. We also identified an inducible response to IL-6 and epidermal growth factor stimulation in the non-tumorigenic embry-onic kidney cell line HEK293T. As IL-6 and EGF signaling are growth and inflammatory-inducible responses, we examined if glucose challenge can increase STAT3 activation, promoting adaptive changes in XRCC1 expression in different cell types. Acute high glucose exposure promoted XRCC1 expression through STAT3 activation, increasing the repair of methyl methanesulfonate-induced DNA damage in HEK293T cells and the osteosarcoma cell line U2OS. Sustained exposure to high glucose promoted the overexpression of XRCC1, which can be reversed upon glucose restriction and down-regulation of STAT3 activation. Thus, we have identified a novel link between XRCC1 expression and STAT3 activation following exogenous exposures, which could play a critical role in dictating a cancer cell’s response to DNA-damaging agents.
  • Authors

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Wright GM; Gassman NR
  • Volume

  • 23
  • Issue

  • 8