Palliation Strategy to Achieve Complete Repair in Symptomatic Neonates with Tetralogy of Fallot.

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Neonates with symptomatic tetralogy of Fallot (sTOF) may undergo palliations with varying physiology, namely systemic to pulmonary artery connections (SPC) or right ventricular outflow tract interventions (RVOTI). A comparison of palliative strategies based on the physiology created is lacking. Consecutive sTOF neonates undergoing SPC or RVOTI from 2005-2017 were reviewed from the Congenital Cardiac Research Collaborative. The primary outcome was survival with successful complete repair (CR) by 18 months. A variety of secondary outcomes were assessed including overall survival, hospitalization-related comorbidities, and interstage reinterventions. Propensity score adjustment was utilized to compare treatment strategies. The cohort included 252 SPC (surgical shunt = 226, ductus arteriosus stent = 26) and 68 RVOTI (balloon pulmonary valvuloplasty = 48, RVOT stent = 11, RVOT patch = 9) patients. Genetic syndrome (29 [42.6%] v 75 [29.8%], p = 0.04), weight < 2.5 kg (28 [41.2%] v 68 [27.0%], p = 0.023), bilateral pulmonary artery Z-score < - 2 (19 [28.0%] v 36 [14.3%], p = 0.008), and pre-intervention antegrade flow (48 [70.6%] v 104 [41.3%], p < 0.001) were more common in RVOTI. Significant center differences were noted (p < 0.001). Adjusted survival to CR by 18 months (HR = 0.87, 95% CI = 0.63-1.21, p = 0.41) and overall survival (HR = 2.08, 95% CI = 0.93-4.65, p = 0.074) were similar. RVOTI had increased interstage reintervention (HR = 2.15, 95% CI = 1.36-3.99, p = 0.001). Total anesthesia (243 [213, 277] v 328 [308, 351] minutes, p < 0.001) and cardiopulmonary bypass times (117 [103, 132] v 151 [143, 160] minutes, p < 0.001) favored RVOTI. In this multicenter comparison of physiologic palliation strategies for sTOF, survival to successful CR and overall survival were similar; however, reintervention burden was significantly higher in RVOTI.
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    Keywords

  • Blalock–Taussig–Thomas Shunt, Congenital heart disease, Right ventricle outflow tract intervention, Tetralogy of Fallot
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    Author List

  • Law MA; Glatz AC; Romano JC; Chai PJ; Mascio CE; Petit CJ; McCracken CE; Kelleman MS; Nicholson GT; Meadows JJ