Utility of the RENAL Nephrometry Scoring System in Predicting Adverse Events and Outcomes of Percutaneous Microwave Ablation of Renal Tumors

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Purpose: To assess the utility of the radius, exophytic/endophytic, nearness to collecting system or sinus, anterior/posterior, and location relative to polar lines (RENAL) nephrometry scoring system at predicting adverse events and outcomes in percutaneous microwave ablation (MWA) of renal tumors. Materials and Methods: A retrospective review of 116 patients who underwent MWA from 2004 to 2018 at 2 large university hospitals was conducted. Patient demographics and tumor characteristics were collected. The RENAL nephrometry scores were calculated, and procedure-related adverse events were stratified into minor and major (the Society of Interventional Radiology classification of class C or higher). Technical and oncologic outcomes were based on follow-up magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography scans after ablation. Results: The mean RENAL score was 6.6 (range, 4–11), and the mean tumor size was 24 mm. Follow-up ranged between 16 and 161 weeks (median, 50 weeks; mean, 65 weeks). Oncologic control was achieved in 96% (n = 111) of patients. The major and minor adverse event rates were 8.6% (n = 10) and 17% (n = 19), respectively. The mean RENAL score for patients with recurrent and/or residual tumor (8.2 ± 2.7) was higher than that for patients without disease recurrence (6.5 ± 3.5, P =.05). However, in a multivariate analysis, the RENAL score was not found to be an independent predictor of oncologic outcomes (odds ratio, 1.548; P =.092). Conclusions: The RENAL nephrometry score has minimal utility for predicting outcomes and adverse events in MWA of renal tumors. The inconsistent nature of RENAL nephrometry scoring in percutaneous ablation procedures underscores the need for an ablation-specific risk stratification system.
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    Author List

  • Li S; Huang J; Jang S; Schammel NC; Schammel C; Som A; El Khudari H; Devane AM; Gunn AJ
  • Start Page

  • 695
  • End Page

  • 701
  • Volume

  • 33
  • Issue

  • 6