Chest wall arteriovenous graft for dialysis: A case report

Academic Article


  • Upper extremity access sites are the preferred access sites for hemodialysis. With the improvement of the survival in dialysis population, most patients outlive the dialysis access lifespan. As such, some patients exhaust the vascular access options of the upper extremities, which necessitates the search for new access sites. While lower extremity grafts and hemodialysis reliable outflow devices are potential alternatives, these access sites are plagued with recurrent lesions at the venous anastomosis and subsequent thrombosis leading to poor access survival. Within this framework, the axillary-based dialysis access was developed to address these challenges. In this report, we describe a 70-year-old woman who exhausted her upper extremity access sites and eventually underwent a chest wall arteriovenous graft (AVG) that connected the right axillary artery to the right axillary vein. This chest wall AVG remained functional without any intervention for more than 3 years. In conclusion, chest wall AVG access can be a viable option for hemodialysis patients who have exhausted the access sites of the upper extremities, while potentially minimizing complications seen in other methods of vascular access.
  • Authors

    Published In

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Hakim A; McFarland G; Almehmi A
  • Start Page

  • 1598
  • End Page

  • 1600
  • Volume

  • 17
  • Issue

  • 5