Evolution of technique and results after permanent open repair for pectus deformities

Academic Article


  • Objective: Open correction of pectus deformities has evolved since its origin. We performed a Ravitch type repair using a permanent titanium plate fixed with screws and describe the procedure with outcomes after our modifications. Methods: A retrospective review of 61 pectus excavatum and pectus carinatum cases from August 2013 to April 2021 was performed. Data were extracted from medical records and reported. In January 2016, we began administering satisfaction surveys at the 6-month postoperative visit; results are reported. Results: The mean age of our cohort was 24.5 years; 43 (70%) were male. Fifty-four underwent pectus excavatum repair, 6 pectus carinatum repair, and 1 mixed repair. Median Haller index was 3.8. Mean operative duration was 98 minutes; mean blood loss was 116.4 mL. Median chest tube duration was 5.0 days; median hospital stay was 4 days. Reexploration for bleeding was 30% in the first 10 patients. Protocol changes including postponing chemical deep vein thrombosis prophylaxis, using intraoperative hemostatic agents, and using shorter implantation screws decreased this to 0% for the remaining cases. The most frequent complication was urinary retention (21.3%). Postoperative surveys were completed for 37 of 50 patients. Seventy-five percent reported health improved, 65% reported exercise capacity improved, 75% reported breathing improved, and 59% reported chest pain improved. Self-esteem improved from 6.6 ± 2.5 (of 10) before surgery to 8.2 ± 2.1 after surgery. Ninety percent were satisfied and 86% would have the operation again. Conclusions: Ravitch type repair with permanent titanium plate fixation is a safe and effective procedure for correction of pectus excavatum and carinatum. Most patients experience improvement in preoperative symptoms.
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    Author List

  • Sollie ZW; Gleason F; Donahue JM; Wei B
  • Start Page

  • 212
  • End Page

  • 219
  • Volume

  • 12