BAC Recombineering and Transgenesis to Study Cell Polarity and Polarized Tissue Morphogenesis in Mice

Academic Article


  • Planar cell polarity (PCP) signaling plays a critical role in coordinating cell polarity during various organogenesis processes in mammals, and its disruption is causal to numerous congenital disorders in humans. To elucidate its actions in mammals, mouse genetics is an indispensable approach. Given that both gain- and loss-of-function of many PCP genes often cause similar defects, the standard mouse transgenic approach may not always be ideal for studying PCP genes in their wild-type and mutant forms. Here we describe using BAC (bacterial artificial chromosomes) transgenes as a versatile and effective alternative. Transgenes made from BACs, which are genomic clones 100–200 kb in size, can more faithful recapitulate endogenous gene expression levels and patterns. Bacterial based recombination system can be used to efficiently introduce mutations, fluorescent protein tags, and LoxP sites for conditional expressions. Cre can also be inserted into BACs to map the contribution of cells expressing any PCP gene of interest, and study PCP mediated tissue morphogenesis.
  • Published In

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Yu D; Wang J
  • Start Page

  • 197
  • End Page

  • 216
  • Volume

  • 2438