Impact of the Cancer and Aging Research Group score and treatment intensity on survival and toxicity outcomes in older adults with advanced noncolorectal gastrointestinal cancers

Academic Article


  • Background: Little is known regarding the predictive value of the Cancer and Aging Research Group (CARG) score, a validated chemotherapy toxicity prediction tool for older adults with cancer, for survival outcomes. Methods: This was a prospective observational study of patients ≥65 years old receiving first-line chemotherapy for advanced noncolorectal gastrointestinal cancer for which combination chemotherapy is the standard of care. Overall survival (OS), time to treatment failure (TTF), which was defined as the time from the start of first-line chemotherapy to the discontinuation of first-line chemotherapy for any reason, and toxicity were compared in 4 groups of patients: 1) non–high-risk (nHR) CARG score (<10) and standard-intensity therapy (ST), 2) nHR score and reduced-intensity therapy (RT), 3) high-risk (HR) CARG score (≥10) and ST, and 4) HR score and RT. Results: Fifty patients (median age, 71 years) were enrolled. The median OS in months was 19.7 in nHR/ST (n = 19) group, 12.7 in nHR/RT (n = 9) group, 4.5 in HR/ST (n = 12) group, and 3.9 in HR/RT (n = 10) group (log-rank test, P =.005). The median TTF in months was 9.1 in nHR/ST group, 2.5 in nHR/RT group, 2.3 in HR/ST group, and 3.0 in HR/RT group (log-rank test, P =.04). The CARG-score category was prognostic of OS (HR, 3.04; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.59-5.83, P =.001) and TTF (HR, 2.60; 95% CI, 1.31-5.20, P =.007). The incidence of grade 3-5 toxicity was 68% in nHR/ST group, 33% in nHR/RT group, 92% in HR/ST group, and 70% in HR/RT group (Fisher exact test, P =.048). Conclusions: Risk-adapted chemotherapy based on the CARG-score may improve treatment outcomes.
  • Published In

  • Cancer  Journal
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Nishijima TF; Deal AM; Williams GR; Sanoff HK; Nyrop KA; Muss HB
  • Start Page

  • 1929
  • End Page

  • 1936
  • Volume

  • 128
  • Issue

  • 10