A Novel Plating System for First Metatarsophalangeal Joint Arthrodesis: A Retrospective Comparison of Hybrid and Traditional Locking Plate Constructs

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Background: Dorsal plate fixation is commonly used for first metatarsophalangeal joint (1st MTPJ) arthrodesis and plate design continues to evolve. A new staple compression plate (SCP) design attempts to utilize the continuous compression of a nitinol staple across the fusion site while simultaneously providing the stability of a dorsal locked plate. Herein, we compare the radiographic, clinical, and patient-reported outcomes of 1st MTPJ joint arthrodesis using 2 dorsal locking plate constructs including a novel SCP construct. Methods: Forty-four patients who underwent 1st MTPJ arthrodesis between 2016 and 2020 were retrospectively evaluated. There were 2 group cohorts. Group 1 cohort included 23 patients who received a CrossRoads Extremity SCP, and Group 2 cohort included 21 patients who received a Stryker dorsal locking precontoured titanium plate (LPP). All patients were evaluated with radiographs, Patient-Reported Outcomes Measures Information System (PROMIS) outcome scores, and Foot Function Index (FFI). Results: The complication and union rates did not vary between groups with a fusion rate of 95.7% in the SCP group and 90.5 % in the LPP group. Similarly, we found no significant differences in PROMIS or FFI scores between the SCP and LPP plates. Conclusion: Use of either dorsal locking plate construct for 1st MTPJ arthrodesis was associated with high union rates and comparable functional outcomes. As locked plate technology continues to evolve for 1st MTPJ arthrodesis, it is important that clinical outcomes are reported. Levels of Evidence: Level IV
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    Author List

  • Elattar O; Andrews NA; Halstrom J; Harrelson WM; Nair P; Shah A