Racial and ethnic differences in the experience and treatment of noncancer pain.

Academic Article


  • The burden of pain is unequal across racial and ethnic groups. In addition to racial and ethnic differences in the experience of pain, there are racial and ethnic disparities in the assessment and treatment of pain. In this article, we provide a nonexhaustive review of the biopsychosocial mechanistic factors contributing to racial and ethnic differences in both the experience and treatment of pain. Using a modified version of the Socioecological Model, we focus on patient-, provider- and system-level factors including coping, perceived bias and discrimination, patient preferences, expectations, patient/provider communication, treatment outcomes and healthcare access. In conclusion, we provide psychosocial factors influencing racial and ethnic differences in pain and highlight future research targets and possible solutions to reduce these disparities.
  • Authors

    Published In

  • Pain Management  Journal
  • Keywords

  • disparities, ethnicity, mechanisms, pain, psychosocial, race, Ethnicity, Health Services Accessibility, Healthcare Disparities, Humans, Pain Management, Patient Preference, Physician-Patient Relations, Racial Groups
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Meints SM; Cortes A; Morais CA; Edwards RR
  • Start Page

  • 317
  • End Page

  • 334
  • Volume

  • 9
  • Issue

  • 3