BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Physical inactivity is one of the major cardiovascular disease risk factors; however, not much is known regarding lifetime bone-specific physical activity and arterial stiffness. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to determine whether total bone-specific physical activity score (tBPAQ) was related to arterial stiffness and body composition in healthy young adults. METHODS: Healthy young women (n = 56, 20.3 ± 1.3 years) and men (n = 52, 21.0 ± 1.2 years) between 18 and 25 years were recruited for this study. The tBPAQ was used to obtain a comprehensive account of lifetime bone-loading physical activity. We measured the carotid to femoral pulse wave velocity (cfPWV) to evaluate arterial stiffness using the novel oscillometric device (SphygmoCor XCEL). Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry was used to measure bone free lean body mass (BFLBM, kg) and % total body fat. RESULTS: Partial correlations analyses showed a significant inverse relationship between tBPAQ and cfPWV (r = - 0.371, p = 0.007) in young women; however, this relationship was not found in young men (p > 0.05). There were significant negative correlations between tBPAQ and % total body fat in both young women (r = - 0.265, p = 0.048) and men (r = - 0.327, p = 0.018). No significant relationships were found between tBPAQ and BFLBM (p > 0.05). CONCLUSION: Our study provides preliminary evidence of sex-specificity of negative relationships of tBPAQ with i) cfPWV (women only) and ii) % total body fat (men and women). Whether bone-loading physical activity can lead to better cardiometabolic outcomes needs to be examined.