Conventional Cartilaginous Tumors: Evaluation and Treatment

Academic Article


  • »: Enchondromas are benign cartilaginous lesions that rarely require surgical intervention. »: Atypical cartilaginous tumors (ACTs), also referred to as grade-1 chondrosarcomas, may be managed without any intervention or with extended intralesional curettage and bone-void filling. »: High-grade chondrosarcomas, or grade-2 and 3 chondrosarcomas, should be managed aggressively with wide resection. »: Chemotherapy and radiation do not currently play a role in the treatment of chondrosarcomas. »: Differentiating an enchondroma from an ACT and an ACT from a high-grade chondrosarcoma can be difficult and requires clinical experience, radiographic and advanced imaging, and possibly a biopsy. Ultimately, a multidisciplinary team that includes a musculoskeletal oncologist, a radiologist, and a pathologist is needed to make the most appropriate diagnosis and treatment plan for each patient.
  • Authors

    Published In

  • JBJS Reviews  Journal
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Wells ME; Eckhoff MD; Kafchinski LA; Polfer EM; Potter BK
  • Volume

  • 9
  • Issue

  • 5