Disposable point-of-care portable perfusion phantom for quantitative DCE-MRI

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Purpose: To develop a disposable point-of-care portable perfusion phantom (DP4) and validate its clinical utility in a multi-institutional setting for quantitative dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (qDCE-MRI). Methods: The DP4 phantom was designed for single-use and imaged concurrently with a human subject so that the phantom data can be utilized as the reference to detect errors in qDCE-MRI measurement of human tissues. The change of contrast-agent concentration in the phantom was measured using liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. The repeatability of the contrast enhancement curve (CEC) was assessed with five phantoms in a single MRI scanner. Five healthy human subjects were recruited to evaluate the reproducibility of qDCE-MRI measurements. Each subject was imaged concurrently with the DP4 phantom at two institutes using three 3T MRI scanners from three different vendors. Pharmacokinetic (PK) parameters in the regions of liver, spleen, pancreas, and paravertebral muscle were calculated based on the Tofts model (TM), extended Tofts model (ETM), and shutter speed model (SSM). The reproducibility of each PK parameter over three measurements was evaluated with the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) and compared before and after DP4-based error correction. Results: The contrast-agent concentration in the DP4 phantom was linearly increased over 10 min (0.17 mM/min, measurement accuracy: 96%) after injecting gadoteridol (100 mM) at a constant rate (0.24 ml/s, 4 ml). The repeatability of the CEC within the phantom was 0.997 when assessed by the ICC. The reproducibility of the volume transfer constant, Ktrans, was the highest of the PK parameters regardless of the PK models. The ICCs of Ktrans in the TM, ETM, and SSM before DP4-based error correction were 0.34, 0.39, and 0.72, respectively, while those increased to 0.93, 0.98, and 0.86, respectively, after correction. Conclusions: The DP4 phantom is reliable, portable, and capable of significantly improving the reproducibility of qDCE-MRI measurements.
  • Published In

  • Medical Physics  Journal
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Holland MD; Morales A; Simmons S; Smith B; Misko SR; Jiang X; Hormuth DA; Christenson C; Koomullil RP; Morgan DE
  • Start Page

  • 271
  • End Page

  • 281
  • Volume

  • 49
  • Issue

  • 1