Model organisms such as mice are important for basic research and serve as valuable tools in preclinical translational studies. A challenge with translating findings from mice to humans is identifying and separating evolutionarily conserved mechanisms in the immune system from those diverging between species. A significant emphasis has been placed on defining conserved gene regulation principles, with divergent mechanisms often overlooked. We put forward the perspective that both conserved and divergent mechanisms that regulate gene expression programs are of equal importance. With recent advances and availability of datasets, immunologists should take a closer look at the role for genetic diversity in altering gene expression programs between mouse and human immune cells.