The Glycoprotein 340’s Scavenger Receptor Cysteine-Rich Domain Promotes Adhesion of Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa to Contact Lens Polymers

Academic Article


  • Contact lenses are biomaterials worn on the eye to correct refractive errors. Bacterial adhesion and colonization of these lenses results in adverse events, such as microbial keratitis. The adsorption of tear proteins to contact lens materials enhances bacterial adhesion. Glycoprotein 340 (Gp340), a tear component, is known to promote microbial colonization in the oral cavity; however, it has not been investigated in any contact lens-related adverse event. Therefore, this study examined the adsorption of Gp340 and its recombinantly expressed scavenger receptor cysteine-rich (iSRCR1Gp340) domain on two common contact lens materials, etafilcon A and lotrafilcon B, and the concomitant effects on the adherence of clinical isolates of microbial keratitis causative agents, Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA6206; PA6294), and Staphylococcus aureus (SA38; USA300). Across all strains and materials, iSRCR1Gp340 enhanced adherence of bacteria in a dose-dependent manner. However, iSRCR1Gp340 did not modulate the lysozyme’s or lactoferrin’s effects on bacterial adhesion to the contact lens. The Gp340 binding serine-rich surface protein (SraP) significantly enhanced the binding of USA300 to iSRCR1Gp340-coated lenses. In addition, iSRCR1Gp340-coated surfaces had significantly diminished biofilms with the SraP mutant (DSraP), and there was a further reduction in biofilms with the sortase A mutant (DSrtA), indicating the likely involvement of additional surface proteins. Finally, the binding affinities between iSRCR1Gp340 and SraP were determined using surface plasmon resonance (SPR), where the complete SraP binding region displayed nanomolar affinity, whereas its smaller fragments adhered with micromolar affinities. This study concludes that Gp340 and its SRCR domains play an important role in bacterial adhesion to the contact lens.
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    Author List

  • Osei KA; Mieher JL; Patel M; Nichols JJ; Deivanayagam C
  • Volume

  • 90
  • Issue

  • 1