Ileostomy Patients Using Patient Engagement Technology Experience Decreased Length of Stay

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Patients who undergo colorectal surgery, particularly, construction of a new ileostomy, are known to have longer length of stay (LOS) and increased readmissions. With the increased availability of patient engagement technology (PET), we hypothesized that because PET facilitates education before and after surgery, ileostomy patients who used PET would have decreased LOS without increasing readmissions. Variables were obtained from the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) database for patients undergoing ileostomy construction. Study patients were categorized into three groups: pre-PET (patients prior to PET), non-PET (patients who did not use PET), and PET users (patients who used PET). Univariate analysis of patient and surgical characteristics, LOS, ED visits, and readmissions and multivariable modeling of potential predictors of LOS were performed. There were 106 patients in the pre-PET, 51 in the PET, and 108 in the non-PET and cohorts were similar except pre-op diagnosis. Length of stay was lower for the PET cohort (p = 0.0001), with no significant difference in readmission or ED visits. On multivariable analysis, we identified the PET cohort as an independent predictor of shorter LOS relative to non-PET and pre-PET (p = 0.007 and p = 0.02, respectively). Similarly, patients had significantly shorter LOS who had a diagnosis of neoplasm as compared to IBD (p = 0.03). Hypertension requiring medication (p = 0.001) and Black race relative to White race (p = 0.002) were independent predictors of longer LOS. In this study of ileostomy patients, we have shown that use of PET is an independent predictor of decreased LOS without increased ED visits or readmissions.
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    Author List

  • Smithson M; McLeod MC; Theiss L; Shao C; Kennedy G; Hollis R; Chu DI; Hardiman KM