The effects of offering immediate postpartum placement of IUDs and implants to pregnant patients with heart disease

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Objective: To evaluate the effects of offering immediate postpartum long-acting reversible contraception to pregnant patients with heart disease. Study Design: Retrospective cohort of pregnant patients with cardiac disease managed by a Comprehensive Pregnancy & Heart Program. Patients were divided into 2 cohorts: pre-immediate postpartum LARC Program implementation (March 2015 to January 2017) and post-implementation (February 2017 to June 2019). The primary outcome was LARC (intrauterine device [IUD] or etonogestrel implant) use postpartum, defined as LARC either immediately postpartum or at the postpartum visit. Secondary outcomes included contraception intent at delivery and IUD expulsion rate of IUDs placed immediately postpartum. Results: Of 159 included patients, 96 (60%) delivered during the post-implementation period. LARC use tripled after program implementation, 11% vs 35%, p < 0.01. Specifically, immediate postpartum IUD use increased from 1 (1.6%) to 10 (10.4%), p = 0.05, and use of immediate postpartum implant increased from 0 to 14 (14.6%), p = 0.002. Rates of women without contraception plans at delivery decreased from 32% to 14%, p < 0.01, as did the number of women using medroxyprogesterone acetate: 16% vs 4%, p = 0.01. Tubal ligation rates were not different before and after program implementation: 24% and 29%, p = 0.46. Postpartum visit rates were similar between Pre and Post groups: 70% and 72%, p = 0.78, respectively. One immediate postpartum IUD expulsion occurred. Conclusion: LARC use tripled in pregnant patients in an obstetric heart disease program after implementation of an immediate postpartum LARC Program. Access to immediate postpartum IUDs and implants should be a public health priority for women with heart disease to reduce their disproportionate burden of maternal morbidity and mortality. Implications: Access to immediate postpartum IUDs and implants should be a public health priority for women with heart disease – as well as all people with high-risk health conditions – to reduce their disproportionate burden of maternal morbidity and mortality.
  • Published In

  • Contraception  Journal
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Sinkey RG; Blanchard CT; Maier J; Novara A; Mazzoni SE; Goepfert AR; Boozer M; Rajapreyar I; Cribbs M; Szychowski JM
  • Start Page

  • 55
  • End Page

  • 60
  • Volume

  • 105