Enhanced conversion of induced neuronal cells (iN cells) from human fibroblasts: Utility in uncovering cellular deficits in mental illness-associated chromosomal abnormalities.

Academic Article


  • The novel technology of induced neuronal cells (iN cells) is promising for translational neuroscience, as it allows the conversion of human fibroblasts into cells with postmitotic neuronal traits. However, a major technical barrier is the low conversion rate. To overcome this problem, we optimized the conversion media. Using our improved formulation, we studied how major mental illness-associated chromosomal abnormalities may impact the characteristics of iN cells. We demonstrated that our new iN cell culture protocol enabled us to obtain more precise measurement of neuronal cellular phenotypes than previous iN cell methods. Thus, this iN cell culture provides a platform to efficiently obtain possible cellular phenotypes caused by genetic differences, which can be more thoroughly studied in research using other human cell models such as induced pluripotent stem cells.
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    Published In


  • Childhood-onset schizophrenia, Conversion rate, Copy number variations (CNVs), Fibroblasts, Process length, Schizophrenia, Translational research, iN cells, Adolescent, Adult, Azacitidine, Cell Culture Techniques, Cell Differentiation, Chromosome Aberrations, Culture Media, Female, Fibroblasts, Humans, Hydroxamic Acids, Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells, Male, Middle Aged, Neural Stem Cells, Schizophrenia, Valproic Acid, Young Adult
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Passeri E; Wilson AM; Primerano A; Kondo MA; Sengupta S; Srivastava R; Koga M; Obie C; Zandi PP; Goes FS
  • Start Page

  • 57
  • End Page

  • 61
  • Volume

  • 101