Classification Criteria for Multiple Sclerosis-Associated Intermediate Uveitis.

Academic Article

Abstract

  • PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine classification criteria for multiple sclerosis-associated intermediate uveitis. DESIGN: Machine learning of cases with multiple sclerosis-associated intermediate uveitis and 4 other intermediate uveitides. METHODS: Cases of intermediate uveitides were collected in an informatics-designed preliminary database, and a final database was constructed of cases achieving supermajority agreement on the diagnosis, using formal consensus techniques. Cases were split into a training set and a validation set. Machine learning using multinomial logistic regression was used in the training set to determine a parsimonious set of criteria that minimized the misclassification rate among the intermediate uveitides. The resulting criteria were evaluated in the validation set. RESULTS: A total of 589 cases of intermediate uveitides, including 112 cases of multiple sclerosis-associated intermediate uveitis, were evaluated by machine learning. The overall accuracy for intermediate uveitides was 99.8% in the training set and 99.3% in the validation set (95% confidence interval: 96.1-99.9). Key criteria for multiple sclerosis-associated intermediate uveitis included unilateral or bilateral intermediate uveitis and multiple sclerosis diagnosed by the McDonald criteria. Key exclusions included syphilis and sarcoidosis. The misclassification rates for multiple sclerosis-associated intermediate uveitis were 0 % in the training set and 0% in the validation set. CONCLUSIONS: The criteria for multiple sclerosis-associated intermediate uveitis had a low misclassification rate and appeared to perform sufficiently well enough for use in clinical and translational research.
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    Keywords

  • Adult, Female, Humans, Machine Learning, Male, Middle Aged, Multiple Sclerosis, Translational Research, Biomedical, Uveitis, Intermediate, Visual Acuity
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Standardization of Uveitis Nomenclature (SUN) Working Group
  • Start Page

  • 72
  • End Page

  • 79
  • Volume

  • 228