B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia in patients with germline RUNX1 mutations

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Germline RUNX1 mutations underlie a syndrome, RUNX1-familial platelet disorder (RUNX1-FPD), characterized by bleeding symptoms that result from quantitative and/or qualitative defect in platelets and a significantly increased risk for developing hematologic malignancies. Myeloid neoplasms are the most commonly diagnosed hematologic malignancies, followed by lymphoid malignancies of T-cell origin. Here, we describe the first 2 cases of B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) in patients with confirmed germline RUNX1 mutations. While 1 of the patients had a known diagnosis of RUNX1-FPD with a RUNX1 p.P240Hfs mutation, the other was the index patient of a kindred with a novel RUNX1 variant, RUNX1 c.587C.T (p.T196I), noted on a targeted genetic testing of the B-ALL diagnostic sample. We discuss the clinical course, treatment approaches, and the outcome for the 2 patients. Additionally, we describe transient resolution of the mild thrombocytopenia and bleeding symptoms during therapy, as well as the finding of clonal hematopoiesis with a TET2 mutant clone in 1 of the patients. It is critical to consider testing for germline RUNX1 mutations in patients presenting with B-ALL who have a personal or family history of thrombocytopenia, bleeding symptoms, or RUNX1 variants identified on genetic testing at diagnosis.
  • Published In

  • Blood Advances  Journal
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Six KA; Gerdemann U; Brown AL; Place AE; Cantor AB; Kutny MA; Avagyan S
  • Start Page

  • 3199
  • End Page

  • 3202
  • Volume

  • 5
  • Issue

  • 16