Round cell tumor with a myxoid matrix harboring a PHF1-TFE3 fusion: Myoepithelial neoplasm or ossifying fibromyxoid tumor?

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Myoepithelial tumors arising in soft tissue are uncommon and mostly manifest a benign clinical course, although a malignant form does exist. An EWSR1 gene rearrangement is a common event in these tumors. Ossifying fibromyxoid tumor, a rare soft tissue neoplasm of uncertain differentiation, may have overlapping histologic and immunophenotypic features with myoepithelial tumors, but frequently harbors a PHF1 gene rearrangement. Interestingly, a PHF1-TFE3 fusion has been recently reported in both entities. Here we report a case of a malignant soft tissue tumor demonstrating myoepithelial differentiation and harboring a PHF1-TFE3 fusion. Despite being slow-growing and lacking significant cytologic atypia at initial presentation, the patient deteriorated rapidly with local recurrence and distant metastases. A discussion of the potential clinicopathologic implications of a PHF1-TFE3 fusion in these entities is also developed.
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Fei F; Prieto Granada CN; Harada S; Siegal GP; Wei S
  • Volume

  • 225