Annual and lifetime economic productivity loss due to adult out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in the United States: A study for the CARES Surveillance Group

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Objective: To estimate the annual and lifetime economic productivity loss due to adult out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) in the United States (U.S.). Methods: All adult (age ≥ 18 years) non-traumatic EMS-treated OHCA with complete data for age, sex, race, and survival outcomes from the CARES database for 2013–2018 were included. Annual and lifetime labor productivity values, based on age and gender, were obtained from previously published national economic data. Productivity losses for OHCA events were calculated by year in U.S. dollars. Productivity losses for survivors were assigned by cerebral performance category score (CPC): CPC 1 and 2 = 0% productivity loss; CPC 3–5 = 100% productivity loss. Sensitivity analyses were performed assigning CPC 2 varying productivity losses (0–100%) based on CPC score and discharge location. Lifetime productivity values assumed 1% annual growth and 3% discount rate and were adjusted for inflation based on 2016 values. Results were extrapolated to annual U.S. population estimates for the study period. Results: A total of 338,492 (96.5%) cases met inclusion criteria. The mean annual and lifetime productivity losses per OHCA in 2018 were $48,224 and $638,947 respectively. The total annual economic productivity loss due to OHCA in the U.S. increased from $7.4B in 2013 to $11.3B in 2018. Lifetime economic productivity loss increased from $95.2B in 2013 to $150.2B in 2018. Sensitivity analyses yielded similar findings. Per annual death, OHCA ranked third ($10.2B) in annual economic productivity loss in the U.S. behind cancer ($22.9B) and heart disease ($20.3B) in 2018. Conclusion: Adult non-traumatic OHCA events are associated with significant annual and lifetime economic productivity losses and should be the focus of public health resources to improve preventative measures and survival outcomes.
  • Published In

  • Resuscitation  Journal
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Coute RA; Nathanson BH; Kurz MC; DeMasi S; McNally B; Mader TJ
  • Start Page

  • 111
  • End Page

  • 117
  • Volume

  • 167