Solubility and Complexation of the Bismuthate Ion in Nitric Acid Systems

Academic Article


  • The dissolution rate and solubility of NaBiO 3 have been investigated in nitric acid systems ranging from 4 to 6 M HNO 3 and were found to be 58-76 μg/cm 2 ·d and 490-830 mM, respectively. The presence of 50 mM U(VI) drastically increased the solubility to 540-1200 mM, while rates of dissolution were relatively unchanged. The solubility of NaBiO 3 increased with an increase in U(VI) concentrations at 4 M HNO 3 , with log-log analysis indicating a one-to-one complex between Bi and U and infrared spectroscopic evidence monitoring uranyl stretching, suggesting complex formation. Absorbance spectra were obtained experimentally and computationally with an absorbance band in the range of 450-600 nm that has been attributed to Bi(V). The ingrowth and decay of Bi(V) in solution was also studied as a function of mass of solid NaBiO 3 present, acidity, and temperature. The activation energies of dissolution and decomposition were calculated to be 39 ± 4 and 61 ± 6 kJ/mol, respectively. These results indicate that dissolution of NaBiO 3 into the respective Na + and BiO 3- occurs prior to undergoing reduction, a process which conventionally has been believed to occur in the reverse order.
  • Authors

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Einkauf JD; Wilcox AJ; Burns JD
  • Start Page

  • 15341
  • End Page

  • 15349
  • Volume

  • 57
  • Issue

  • 24