Actinide targets for the synthesis of super-heavy elements

Academic Article


  • Since 2000, six new super-heavy elements with atomic numbers 113 through 118 have been synthesized in hot fusion reactions of 48Ca beams on actinide targets. These target materials, including 242Pu, 244Pu, 243Am, 245Cm, 248Cm, 249Cf, and 249Bk, are available in very limited quantities and require specialized production and processing facilities resident in only a few research centers worldwide. This report describes the production and chemical processing of heavy actinide materials for super-heavy element research, current availabilities of these materials, and related target fabrication techniques. The impact of actinide materials in super-heavy element discovery is reviewed, and strategies for enhancing the production of rare actinides including 249Bk, 251Cf, and 254Es are described.
  • Authors

    Published In

  • Nuclear Physics A  Journal
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Roberto JB; Alexander CW; Boll RA; Burns JD; Ezold JG; Felker LK; Hogle SL; Rykaczewski KP
  • Start Page

  • 99
  • End Page

  • 116
  • Volume

  • 944