Acute Kidney Injury Among Children Admitted With Viral Rhabdomyolysis.

Academic Article


  • BACKGROUND: Infectious etiologies cause a large portion of pediatric rhabdomyolysis. Among pediatric patients with rhabdomyolysis, it is unknown who will develop acute kidney injury (AKI). We sought to test the hypothesis that a viral etiology would be associated with less AKI in children admitted with rhabdomyolysis than a nonviral etiology. METHODS: In this single-center retrospective cohort study, patients <21 years of age admitted with acute rhabdomyolysis from May 1, 2010, through December 31, 2018, were studied. The primary outcome was development of AKI, defined by using the Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes guidelines. The primary predictor was identification of viral infection by laboratory testing or clinical diagnosis. Covariates included age, sex, race, insurance provider, presence of proteinuria and myoglobinuria, and initial creatinine kinase and serum urea nitrogen. Routine statistics and multivariable logistic modeling were performed via SAS 9.4 (SAS Institute, Inc, Cary, NC). RESULTS: In total, 319 pediatric patients with rhabdomyolysis were studied. The median age was 13 years. Patients were predominately male (69.9%), non-Hispanic Black (55.2%), and publicly insured (45.1%). We found no difference in the rates of AKI in those with a viral diagnosis versus those without a viral diagnosis (30 of 77 [39.0%] vs 111 of 234 [47.4%]; P = .19). Multivariable analysis revealed that viral diagnosis was not associated with the development of AKI. Patients ≥13 years of age, male patients, and those with proteinuria and elevated serum urea nitrogen on admission had increased odds of developing AKI. CONCLUSIONS: In our study, viral rhabdomyolysis did not have lower rates of AKI compared with nonviral etiologies of AKI; therefore, providers should consider continued caution in these patients.
  • Authors

    Published In


  • Acute Kidney Injury, Adolescent, Child, Creatinine, Hospitalization, Humans, Male, Retrospective Studies, Rhabdomyolysis
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Gardner HM; Askenazi DJ; Hoefert JA; Helton A; Wu CL
  • Start Page

  • 878
  • End Page

  • 885
  • Volume

  • 11
  • Issue

  • 8