Simulation-Based Medical Emergencies Education for Dental Students: A Three-Year Evaluation

Academic Article

Abstract

  • This aim of this study was to develop and evaluate a simulation program for dental students to supplement a lecture-based medical emergencies course. Students' self-reported knowledge, experience, confidence, and ability regarding medical emergencies were assessed as program outcomes. For three years (in 2014, 2015, and 2016), all second-year students (N=333) at one U.S. dental school were randomly assigned to groups of 15 and participated in 15 simulated clinical scenarios. All students completed a 21-item pre-post survey and rated their knowledge, experience, and confidence using simulated emergencies. Following the intervention, students' ability to complete critical actions was also peer-assessed using a ten-item checklist. Four open-ended questions were included on the post-intervention survey for acquisition of additional data. For all years, students' self-reported measurements significantly improved with high practical impact (p≤0.001, g=|0.62, 3.93|), with the exception of calling 911 (knowledge). Peer-rated performance indicated the students were deficient (<75% success) in the following: inhaler use, dose of local anesthetic, dose of epinephrine, and EpiPen use. Content analysis of students' comments pointed to areas that need improvement but found high satisfaction with the program. These findings indicate that this program improved students' knowledge, experience, and confidence using simulated medical emergencies.
  • Authors

    Published In

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Marti K; Sandhu G; Aljadeff L; Greene R; Lesch AB; Le JM; Pinsky HM; Rooney DM
  • Start Page

  • 973
  • End Page

  • 980
  • Volume

  • 83
  • Issue

  • 8