Association of Crohn's disease-related chromosome 1q32 with ankylosing spondylitis is independent of bowel symptoms and faecal calprotectin

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Background: Genome-wide association studies have identified a plethora of risk genes for both Crohn's disease (CD) and ankylosing spondylitis (AS). A subset of genes found to be risk factors for CD have also been found to be risk factors for AS. The objective of our study was to assess whether CD risk genes were associated with non-invasive clinical markers of gut inflammation in patients with AS, indicating a potential subset of patients with clinical as well as genetic overlap. Methods: A total of 308 Caucasian patients who fulfilled the modified New York Criteria for AS, were assessed for bowel symptoms using the Dudley Inflammatory Bowel Symptom Questionnaire (DISQ). Of these patients, 157 also had faecal calprotectin measured. All AS patients and 568 healthy controls were genotyped for 10 CD risk loci using predesigned single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) genotyping assays. Chi-square analysis was used to test for association between genotype and DISQ score and faecal calprotectin level. Results: The minor allele of two SNPs, one in chromosome region 1q32 SNP (rs11584383), and one in the gene coding for IL23R (rs11209026) conferred protection against AS. Only the association of 1q32 remained significant after Bonferroni correction for multiple testing. Stratification by DISQ score and faecal calprotectin did not influence the association of 1q32 with AS. Conclusion: In patients with AS, the association of the CD 1q32 SNP was independent of non-invasive markers of bowel inflammation. Other CD related SNPs were not found have a significant association with AS.
  • Authors

    Published In

  • PeerJ  Journal
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Roberts RL; Wallace MC; Harrison AA; White D; Dalbeth N; Stamp LK; Ching D; Highton J; Merriman TR; Robinson PC
  • Volume

  • 2018
  • Issue

  • 6