CRL4Cdt2 regulates cell proliferation and histone gene expression by targeting PR-Set7/Set8 for degradation

Academic Article

Abstract

  • PR-Set7/Set8 is a cell-cycle-regulated enzyme that monomethylates lysine 20 of histone H4 (H4K20). Set8 and monomethylated H4K20 are virtually undetectable during G1 and S phases of the cell cycle but increase in late S and in G2. We identify CRL4Cdt2 as the principal E3 ubiquitin ligase responsible for Set8 proteolytic degradation in the S phase of the cell cycle, which requires Set8-PCNA interaction. Inactivation of the CRL4-Cdt2-PCNA-Set8 degradation axis results in (1) DNA damage and the induction of tumor suppressor p53 and p53-transactivated proapoptotic genes, (2) delayed progression through G2 phase of the cell cycle due to activation of the G2/M checkpoint, (3) specific repression of histone gene transcription and depletion of the histone proteins, and (4) repression of E2F1-dependent gene transcription. These results demonstrate a central role of CRL4Cdt2-dependent cell-cycle regulation of Set8 for the maintenance of a stable epigenetic state essential for cell viability. © 2010 Elsevier Inc.
  • Authors

    Published In

  • Molecular Cell  Journal
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Pubmed Id

  • 15867146
  • Author List

  • Abbas T; Shibata E; Park J; Jha S; Karnani N; Dutta A
  • Start Page

  • 9
  • End Page

  • 21
  • Volume

  • 40
  • Issue

  • 1