A broad and potent H1-specific human monoclonal antibody produced in plants prevents influenza virus infection and transmission in guinea pigs

Academic Article


  • AbstractAlthough seasonal influenza vaccines block most predominant influenza types and subtypes, humans still remain vulnerable to waves of seasonal and new potential pandemic influenza viruses for which no immunity may exist because of viral antigenic drift and/or shift, respectively. Previously, we have described a human monoclonal antibody (hMAb), KPF1, which was produced in human embryonic kidney 293T cells (KPF1-HEK) with broad and potent neutralizing activity against H1N1 influenza A viruses (IAV)in vitro, and prophylactic and therapeutic activitiesin vivo. In this study, we produced hMAb KPF1 in tobacco plants (KPF1-Antx) and demonstrate how the plant-produced KPF1-Antx hMAb possesses similar biological activity compared with the mammalian produced KPF1-HEK hMAb. KPF1-Antx hMAb shows broad binding to recombinant HA proteins and H1N1 IAV, including A/California/04/2009 (pH1N1)in vitro, that are comparable to those observed with KPF1-HEK hMAb. Importantly, prophylactic administration of KPF1-Antx hMAb to guinea pigs prevented pH1N1 infection and transmission in both prophylactic and therapeutic experiments, substantiating its clinical potential to prevent and treat H1N1 infections. Collectively, this study demonstrates, for the first time, that plant-produced influenza hMAbs have similarin vitroandin vivobiological properties to those produced in mammalian cells. Because of the many advantages of plant-produced hMAbs, such as rapid batch production, low cost, and the absence of mammalian cell products, they represent an alternative strategy for the production of immunotherapeutics for the treatment of influenza viral infections, including emerging seasonal and/or pandemic strains.
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  • Park J-G; Ye C; Piepenbrink MS; Nogales A; Wang H; Shuen M; Meyers AJ; Martinez-Sobrido L; Kobie JJ