CFTR function is required for normal mucociliary clearance (MCC) and cough-assisted clearance (CC). Lumacaftor-ivacaftor is approved for use in people with cystic fibrosis (CF) carrying two copies of F508del-CFTR. In this observational study performed at four study sites, we characterized the effect of lumacaftor-ivacaftor on mucociliary and cough clearance and related this to other clinical and research endpoints after one month of treatment. Twenty-five adolescents and adults were enrolled. No effect on whole lung MCC was observed, but CC was significantly increased. Sweat chloride improved by 18 mEq/L in this group, indicating a modest restoration of CFTR activity, but no demonstrable change in FEV1 or lung clearance index was observed. We speculate that the modest effect of lumacaftor-ivacaftor on CFTR function was insufficient to yield an improvement in MCC.