Implementation of the Institute of Medicine Treatment Plan in Oncology Practice

Academic Article


  • Participation in the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) value-based payment reform, the Oncology Care Model (OCM), requires that every beneficiary has a documented 13-point Institute of Medicine treatment plan (TP) when commencing antineoplastic therapy. The intent is to enhance shared decision-making between the patient and care team by providing transparent treatment recommendations and engaging patients and caregivers in meaningful discussion. There is limited discussion in the literature about how to adapt the CMS recommendations to diverse practice settings while maintaining fidelity to the intent of the TP. Here, the authors compare how 3 clinically and geographically unique OCM participating institutions implemented the TP in their respective institutions within the domains of the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research. Similar themes in implementation are identified, including engaging stakeholders, leveraging information technology, and considering scalability. Adaptations that are unique to the culture and setting of each site are also described.
  • Published In

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Sivendran S; Wilfong L; Horenkamp E; Rocque GB
  • Start Page

  • 311
  • End Page

  • 319
  • Volume

  • 36
  • Issue

  • 5