Human neuroimaging has had a major impact on the biological understanding of epilepsy and the relationship between pathophysiology, seizure management, and outcomes. This review highlights notable recent advancements in hardware, sequences, methods, analyses, and applications of human neuroimaging techniques utilized to assess epilepsy. These structural, functional, and metabolic assessments include magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), positron emission tomography (PET), and magnetoencephalography (MEG). Advancements that highlight non-invasive neuroimaging techniques used to study the whole brain are emphasized due to the advantages these provide in clinical and research applications. Thus, topics range across presurgical evaluations, understanding of epilepsy as a network disorder, and the interactions between epilepsy and comorbidities. New techniques and approaches are discussed which are expected to emerge into the mainstream within the next decade and impact our understanding of epilepsies. Further, an increasing breadth of investigations includes the interplay between epilepsy, mental health comorbidities, and aberrant brain networks. In the final section of this review, we focus on neuroimaging studies that assess bidirectional relationships between mental health comorbidities and epilepsy as a model for better understanding of the commonalities between both conditions.