Typical 22q11.2 deletion syndrome appears to confer a reduced risk of schwannoma

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Purpose: The LZTR1 gene has been associated with schwannomatosis tumor predisposition and is located in a region that is deleted in the great majority (89%) of patients with 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11.2DS). Since it is known that approximately 1 in 500 people in the general population will develop a sporadic schwannoma and there are no reports of the occurrence of schwannoma in 22q11.2DS, we investigated whether whole-gene deletion of LZTR1 occurs in schwannomatosis and assessed the risk of schwannoma in 22q11.2DS. Methods: We assessed the genetic testing results for LZTR1-associated schwannomatosis and the clinical phenotypes of patients with 22q11.2DS. Results: There were no reports of schwannoma in over 1,500 patients with 22q11.2DS. In addition, no patients meeting clinical diagnostic criteria for schwannomatosis had a whole-gene deletion in LZTR1. Only 1 patient in 110 with an apparently sporadic vestibular schwannoma had a constitutional whole-gene deletion of LZTR1. Conclusion: People with a large 22q11.2 deletion may have a reduced risk of developing a schwannoma compared to the general population.
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    Author List

  • Evans DG; Messiaen LM; Foulkes WD; Irving REA; Murray AJ; Perez-Becerril C; Rivera B; McDonald-McGinn DM; Stevenson DA; Smith MJ