Mandibular Distraction Osteogenesis as a Primary Intervention in Infants With Pierre Robin Sequence

Academic Article

Abstract

  • BACKGROUND: Pierre Robin sequence (PRS) is a triad of congenital facial abnormalities that can present as a syndrome (syndromic PRS [sPRS]) or an isolated entity (isolated PRS [iPRS]). Patients with PRS can develop airway and feeding problems that may result in failure to thrive. Mandibular distraction osteogenesis (MDO) is a method for improving the functional issues associated with breathing and feeding. There is a Paucity of literature evaluating the outcomes of MDO between sPRS and iPRS patients. METHODS: An institutional review board-approved retrospective review of PRS patients managed by a single surgeon and treated with MDO between January 2015 and December 2019 at a tertiary referral hospital was performed. The patients were stratified into iPRS or sPRS based on gene testing. Airway outcome measures included avoidance of tracheostomy, relief of sleep apnea, and oxygen saturation improvement. Primary feeding measures included achievement of full oral feeds and growth/weight gain. Statistical analysis included t tests and χ2 tests where appropriate using SPSS. RESULTS: Over the study period, of the 29 infants with PRS, 55% identified as iPRS and 45% as sPRS. There were no significant differences in the patient characteristics, apnea-hypoxia index (22.27 ± 12.27) and laryngeal view (3 ± 0.79) pre-MDO. After MDO, 83% of the subjects achieved a positive feeding outcome and 86% achieved a positive airway outcome with no statistical significance between sPRS and iPRS (P = 0.4369). There was a statistically significant change post-MDO in apnea-hypoxia index (5.24 ± 4.50, P = 0.02) and laryngeal view (1.59 ± 1.00, P = 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Our recent experience would lead us to believe that sPRS patients have greater morbidities and challenging clinical developments that, when properly evaluated, can be managed by MDO. There is a potential role for MDO in reducing the need for traditional surgical interventions for respiratory and feeding problems in both iPRS and sPRS patients.
  • Published In

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Pubmed Id

  • 22360577
  • Author List

  • Soto E; Ananthasekar S; Kurapati S; Robin NH; Smola C; Maddox MH; Boyd CJ; Myers RP
  • Start Page

  • S545
  • End Page

  • S549
  • Volume

  • 86
  • Issue

  • 6S Suppl 5