Detecting Progression in Patients with Different Clinical Presentations of Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Precis: Glaucoma progression was more frequently identified by assessing retinal fiber layer thickness than by monitoring visual field (VF) loss for different baseline classifications in primary open-Angle glaucoma. Purpose: The aim was to compare the detection of glaucoma progression by retinal nerve fiber layer thickness (RNFLT) and VF assessments for different baseline classifications of primary open-Angle glaucoma. Methods: This study included 194 eyes from 194 patients with a minimum of 9 follow-up visits selected from the Diagnostic Innovation in Glaucoma Study (DIGS) and the African Descent and Glaucoma Evaluation Study (ADAGES). Each eye was classified according to baseline clinical signs: ocular hypertension (n=39), glaucomatous optic neuropathy only (n=60), glaucomatous visual field loss only (GVF, n=39) and definite glaucoma (concurrent optic disc and VF defect, n=56). We assessed progression by performing simple linear regression on global and sectorial mean deviations values generated for RNFLT (RNFLT-MD) and VF data (VF-MD). The proportion of eyes identified as progressing (positive rate) by RNFLT-MD and by VF-MD were compared within each classification. Results: Whereas both parameters performed similarly among glaucomatous optic neuropathy only and definite glaucoma eyes, the positive rate obtained with global RNFLT-MD was significantly greater compared with global VF-MD by 33.3% and 30.8% among ocular hypertension eyes and GVF eyes, respectively. This finding was consistent in the inferotemporal sector; however, similar positive rates were obtained for both parameters in the superotemporal sector. Conclusions: While both RNFLT and VF parameters showed comparable abilities to identify progression across the different classifications, RNFLT assessment may be better suited to monitor progression, particularly among patients with elevated intraocular pressure and those who present with only GVF defect at baseline.
  • Authors

    Published In

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Abu SL; Marin-Franch I; Racette L
  • Start Page

  • 769
  • End Page

  • 775
  • Volume

  • 30
  • Issue

  • 9