Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) is a serum-borne phospholipid that exerts a pleiotropic range of effects on cells through activation of three closely related G-protein-coupled receptors termed LPA1/EDG-2,LPA2/EDG-4 and LPA3/EDG-7. Of these receptors, the LPA1 receptor is the most widely expressed. In this study, we investigated the agonist-induced endocytosis of the human LPA1receptor, bearing an N-terminal FLAG epitope tag, in stably transfected HeLa cells. Treatment with LPA induced the rapid endocytosis of approximately 40%of surface LPA1 within 15 minutes. Internalization was both dose dependent and LPA specific since neither lysophophatidylcholine nor sphingosine-1-phosphate induced LPA1 endocytosis. Removal of agonist following 30 minutes incubation resulted in recycling of LPA1 back to the cell surface. LPA1 internalization was strongly inhibited by dominant-inhibitory mutants of both dynamin2 (K44A) and Rab5a (S34N). In addition, both dynamin2 K44A and Rab5 S34N mildly inhibited LPA1-dependent activation of serum response factor. Finally, our results also indicate that LPA1 exhibits basal, LPA-dependent internalization in the presence of serum-containing medium.