Review of Published Cases of Syncope and Sudden Death in Patients With Severe Aortic Stenosis Documented by Electrocardiography

Academic Article

Abstract

  • The ECG findings during sudden collapse (syncope or sudden death) in severe aortic stenosis (AS) are not well defined. We conducted a comprehensive review of the literature for ECG data during sudden collapse in patients with AS and provided a case report of our own. There were 37 published cases of syncope or sudden death in patients with severe AS which were documented by ECG. Brady- or ventricular arrhythmias were documented in 34 cases (92%). Bradyarrhythmia (n = 24; 71%) was more common at the time of collapse than ventricular tachyarrhythmia (n = 10; 29%). There was slowing of the sinus rate before bradyarrhythmia in the vast majority of patients with bradyarrhythmia but not in those presenting with ventricular tachyarrhythmia (75% vs 0%; p <0.001). ECG evidence of ischemia (ST-segment depression or elevation) was present in most patients with bradyarrhythmia but not in those with ventricular tachyarrhythmia (75% vs 0%; p = 0.011). In conclusion, our findings suggest that left ventricular baroreceptor activation plays a dominant role in the pathophysiology of sudden collapse in patients with severe AS and suggest that ischemia may play a role as well.
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    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Pubmed Id

  • 17034868
  • Author List

  • Prejean SP; Camacho R; Wang B; Watts TE; Daya HA; Ahmed MI; Hage FG; Bajaj NS; Doppalapudi H; Iskandrian AE