Significance of CNS 2 cerebrospinal fluid status post-induction in pediatric and adolescent patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia

Academic Article


  • Background: At diagnosis, there are prognostic implications of low-level leukemic blasts (CNS 2) in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). However, the significance of post-induction CNS 2 results and the impact of equipment on CNS 2 prevalence have not been well studied. Procedure: A single-institution retrospective cohort study was conducted to analyze the outcome of patients with ≥1 post-induction CNS 2. A subanalysis compared the proportion of CNS 2 CSF results using 2 different cytocentrifuges; the Shandon Cytospin used from 2005 to 2008 and the Wescor Cytopro used from 2010 to 2014. Results: Over 4500 post-induction CSF samples were analyzed, of which 59 were CNS 2. In covariate-adjusted analyses, post-induction CNS 2 did not significantly increase relapse risk. The proportion of CNS 2 results increased 4.3-fold in noninfants and 6.3-fold in infants using the Wescor Cytopro. Cytocentrifuge machine did not affect CNS 3 prevalence. Conclusions: These findings support our current practice of not changing management based on a post-induction CNS 2 CSF and highlight how equipment changes can significantly influence testing results. More data are needed to analyze relapse by subpopulations, such as those with repeated CNS 2 findings.
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    Author List

  • Gurunathan A; Desai AV; Bailey LC; Li Y; Choi JK; Rheingold SR
  • Volume

  • 66
  • Issue

  • 1