Self-advocacy is associated with lower likelihood of living donor kidney transplantation

Academic Article


  • Background: The Living Donor Navigator (LDN) Program pairs kidney transplant candidates (TC) with a friend or family member for advocacy training to help identify donors and achieve living donor kidney transplantation (LDKT). However, some TCs participate alone as self-advocates. Methods: In this retrospective cohort study of TCs in the LDN program (04/2017-06/2019), we evaluated the likelihood of LDKT using Cox proportional hazards regression and rate of donor screenings using ordered events conditional models by advocate type. Results: Self-advocates (25/127) had lower likelihood of LDKT compared to patients with an advocate (adjusted hazard ratio (aHR): 0.22, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.03–1.66, p = 0.14). After LDN enrollment, rate of donor screenings increased 2.5-fold for self-advocates (aHR: 2.48, 95%CI: 1.26–4.90, p = 0.009) and 3.4-fold for TCs with an advocate (aHR: 3.39, 95%CI: 2.20–5.24, p < 0.0001). Conclusions: Advocacy training was beneficial for self-advocates, but having an independent advocate may increase the likelihood of LDKT.
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Killian AC; Reed RD; Carter A; McLeod MC; Shelton BA; Kumar V; Qu H; MacLennan PA; Orandi BJ; Cannon RM
  • Start Page

  • 36
  • End Page

  • 41
  • Volume

  • 222
  • Issue

  • 1