Intracranial anaplastic solitary fibrous tumor/hemangiopericytoma: immunohistochemical markers for definitive diagnosis

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Intracranial anaplastic hemangiopericytoma (AHPC) is a rare and malignant subset of solitary fibrous tumor/hemangiopericytoma (SFT/HPC) as per the WHO 2016 Classification of Tumors of the Central Nervous System. AHPC portends a poor prognosis and is associated with higher rates of recurrence/metastasis in comparison with SFT/HPC. Accordingly, it is critical to continue to define the clinical course of patients with AHPC and in so doing further refine clinicopathologic/immunohistochemical (IHC) criteria needed for definitive diagnosis. Herein, we describe clinical/histological characteristics of six patients with AHPC. In addition, we reviewed and analyzed the expression of various IHC markers reported within the literature (i.e., a total of 354 intracranial SFT/HPCs and 460 meningiomas). Histologically, tumors from our six patients were characterized by a staghorn-like vascular pattern, mitotic cells, and strong nuclear atypia. Immunohistochemically, all tumors displayed positive nuclear staining for STAT6; other markers, including CD34 and Bcl-2, were expressed only in three patients. Analysis of IHC expression patterns for SFT/HPC and meningioma within the literature revealed that nuclear expression of STAT6 had the highest specificity (100%) for SFT/HPC, followed by ALDH1 (97.2%) and CD34 (93.6%). Of note, SSTR2A (95.2%) and EMA (85%) displayed a high specificity for meningioma. Anaplastic SFT/HPC is a tumor with poor prognosis that is associated with higher rates of recurrence and metastasis in comparison with SFT/HPC. Given that anaplastic SFT/HPC requires more aggressive treatment than meningioma despite of a similar presentation on imaging, it is crucial to be able to distinguish between these tumors.
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    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Yamashita D; Suehiro S; Kohno S; Ohue S; Nakamura Y; Kouno D; Ohtsuka Y; Nishikawa M; Matsumoto S; Bernstock JD
  • Start Page

  • 1591
  • End Page

  • 1600
  • Volume

  • 44
  • Issue

  • 3