Evaluation of high-molecular weight adiponectin in horses

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Objective-To characterize adiponectin protein complexes in lean and obese horses. Animals-26 lean horses and 18 obese horses. Procedures-Body condition score (BCS) and serum insulin activity were measured for each horse. Denaturing and native western blot analyses were used to evaluate adiponectin complexes in serum. A human ELISA kit was validated and used to quantify high-molecular weight (HMW) complexes. Correlations between variables were made, and HMW values were compared between groups. Results-Adiponectin was present as a multimer consisting of HMW (> 720-kDa), low- molecular weight (180-kDa), and trimeric (90-kDa) complexes in serum. All complexes were qualitatively reduced in obese horses versus lean horses, but the percentage of complexes < 250 kDa was higher in obese versus lean horses. High-molecular weight adiponectin concentration measured via ELISA was negatively correlated with serum insulin activity and BCS and was lower in obese horses (mean ± SD, 3.6 ± 3.9 μg/mL), compared with lean horses (8.0 ± 4.6 μg/mL). Conclusions and Clinical Relevance-HMW adiponectin is measurable via ELISA, and concentration is negatively correlated with BCS and serum insulin activity in horses. A greater understanding of the role of adiponectin in equine metabolism will provide insight into the pathophysiology of metabolic disease conditions.
  • Authors

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Wooldridge AA; Edwards HG; Plaisance EP; Applegate R; Taylor DR; Taintor J; Zhong Q; Judd RL
  • Start Page

  • 1230
  • End Page

  • 1240
  • Volume

  • 73
  • Issue

  • 8