Prognostic value of absent left ventricular ejection fraction reserve with regadenoson SPECT MPI

Academic Article

Abstract

  • © 2020, American Society of Nuclear Cardiology. Background: An absent left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) reserve with vasodilator stress with PET cardiac imaging has been shown to provide significant independent and incremental value to the perfusion images for prediction of future cardiovascular adverse events. However, the prognostic value of LVEF reserve has not been well characterized with SPECT myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI). Methods: We studied 858 consecutive patients with normal and abnormal perfusion pattern with regadenoson SPECT MPI. Change in LVEF was calculated as post-stress LVEF—rest LVEF. Absent LVEF reserve was defined as a drop in LVEF by 5% or more on the post-stress images. The primary outcome was a composite of cardiac death, non-fatal myocardial infarction and late coronary revascularization. Results: An absent LVEF reserve was more common in patients with abnormal vs normal MPI (31% vs 19%, P =.001). During a median follow-up of 32 months, the primary outcome was experienced by 31% of the study population. An absent LVEF reserve was not associated with an increased risk of the primary outcome in patients with normal (hazard ratio 1.1, 95% CI.4-2.7, P =.8) or abnormal (.75,.56-1.00, P =.05) MPI. There was no significant correlation between extent of ischemia and post-stress change in LVEF (Pearson r = − .072, P =.07). Conclusions: In patients undergoing regadenoson SPECT MPI, absent LVEF reserve is not associated with worse cardiac outcomes. Thus, routine reporting of both post-stress and rest LVEF measurements in this setting may not be necessary.
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  • Smith P; Farag A; Bhambhvani P; Iskandrian A; Hage FG