Radium-223 in Asian patients with castration-resistant prostate cancer with symptomatic bone metastases: A single-arm phase 3 study

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Aim: Radium-223, a targeted alpha therapy, is approved widely for the treatment of patients with metastatic castrate-resistant prostate cancer, based on a pivotal phase 3 study in predominantly white patients. We investigated the efficacy and safety of radium-223 in Asian patients with castrate-resistant prostate cancer and metastatic bone disease. Methods: This multicenter, prospective, single-arm, open-label phase 3 trial evaluated the efficacy and safety of the standard radium-223 regimen (55 kBq/kg every 4 weeks for six cycles) in patients from Asian countries. The primary endpoints were the safety and overall survival. Results: A total of 226 patients were enrolled and received at least one dose of radium-223. Median overall survival was 14.0 months (95% confidence interval [CI], 11.2–17.4). Median time to total alkaline phosphatase and prostate-specific antigen progression were 7.5 (95% CI, 6.8–7.7) and 3.6 (95% CI, 3.1–3.7) months, respectively. Median skeletal-related event-free survival was 26.0 months (95% CI, 12.6–not reached). Grade ≥3 treatment-emergent adverse events were reported in 103 (46%) of 226 patients, with anemia being the most common event (34 [15%] patients). Grade ≥3 drug-related treatment-emergent adverse events occurred in 39 (17%) of 226 patients. Serious treatment-emergent adverse events were reported in 65 (29%) of 226 patients. Seven (3%) patients had an adverse event leading to death; none were considered to be related to radium-223. Conclusion: The results of this study support the use of the standard radium-223 regimen for the treatment of Asian patients with castrate-resistant prostate cancer and symptomatic bone metastases.
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    Author List

  • Zhou T; Zhou F; Guo J; Shi H; Yao X; Guo H; Yuan J; Tian Y; Zhang X; Wang S